So I will me making many references to Army ranks and positions held by people. Since Israel is a conscript army ranks are earned by time not by courses etc.
So the first ranks structure
Hogrim (or conscripts)
Turai (Private, this is the lowest rank and has no insignia etc, and you have no right to complain about things as you don’t have pazam(I will explain what this is later)
Rabat (Corporal is the first rank on the ladder and is two strips that are worn on your sleeves but only on your dress uniform, you gain this if you’re a fighter after 8 months for jobnicks like me who serve in a fighter unit in dangers bases also gain this after 8 months, and Jobnicks who are not in fighter units and are not in a dangers base and push paper etc, gain this after 10 months. you at this time have a very very little bit of Pazam and can complain about things and if you want the bottom bunk you will be given it before the turai’s. oh and also their is a problem with this rank fighters who we call kravi don’t where this on their uniform (they only were the first sgt rank) because my unit is a fighter unit the jobnicks also traditionally did not were the rank of rabat. but the rasar( the guy who is in charge of base matince and discipline) has said we need to start wereing it needles to say we dont listen.
Samal( Sgt) this is gained after about a year and 6 months or so in the army. this is a guy who has pazam and is almost done with the army.
Samal rishon (first sgt) this guy is about 5 to 8 months away from finishing the army, we has pazam and acts like your unofficial big brother they tell you how to deal with army shit and are very knowable, in a line they will be given first preference of things, and if you complain to them depending on how you say it they joke with you.
(now horim if you’re a private you don’t have to listen to the first sgt sgt or cpl, and this is the same for all horim, as they don’t have the authority to issue you orders, of course if they ask you do stuff you do it because there your mates and you want to help them out. the only exception for this is if they have done a commanders course. if this is so and it is more important in kravi they will were a green rope on there uniform and they do have the authority to give orders, they are called mifakdem, and have done course makim)
Nagadim are Warrent officers, they have not done the officers course but have done there 3 years in the army and have decided to make a career out of it. They are what is called you mifaked and they are your commanders. there is one nagad who is your personal commander of your team (at the moment my team or in hebrew tzvet, is only me and my commander) then there is the your unit commander who is in charge of all the teams in your core. above him is an officer who signs off on things for us. and above her is a one falafel (will explain soon) guy who is our big boss. above him is the base commander.
there is a saying in Israel if you don’t learn you’re a nagad. but you have to listen to them
officers are people who have done the officers course and done advanced training and hold positions of importance. they can punish you and can sign off on leave. some times you have to salute but most of the time you don’t have to this army is very informal. junior officers have bars on their sholdiers one bar is the lowest officer two bar and three bar etc.
from there are command officers or as we all them falafel as there symbol is a leaf thing that looks like a falafel. these are high-ranking officers. one falafel being the lowest of the command officers. two falafel (the two falafel I know is the head of my base) three falafel as very very high up and is head of all of Nahal.
then comes the supreme commanders. with the swords one sword might me in charge of say all of the intelligence in the army or all the ordnance soldiers. then comes a sword and one falafel. they could me in charge of command areas like northern command or southern command. then the sword and two falafel there is only one in the army and he is Head of the army the big boss at the moment Gabi Ashkenazi. and he has to answer to the minister of defence who answers to the prime minister who answers two the parliament and president, who answer to the people of Israel.
different meaning of ropes you will see on people’s shoulders.
purple is for the mishaketash. they are girls and are the army social workers they help with money and dealing with army shit to make sure your general well-being is being taken care off.
White. are education officers they are the teachers of the army, like in michve alon the commanders there were not mifakdem but teachers but for the sake of the course we had to call the mifakdem.
Green are for proper mifakdem and they have more responsibility than normal horim.
normally horim as I said have no authority but people with the ropes are granted authority and are allowed to issue orders, not so much the mishakitash or the education officers. but definitely the green they are commanders and If I go to that course that means my comander could spend more time dealing with the paper work side of things and leave me in charge of up to 4 soldiers and work on the veichals in the feild.
Pazam is an acronym in Hebrew meaning time spent in the army and is like a unofficial rank structure. the more time spent in the army the more right you have to complain about things. you know how things work your takin more seriously. Myself in January will have been in the army for 8 months this is a very very little Pazam I have a rank. and know how things work now, but I still have no right to complain because I am new, but I have more right to complain than someone who has been in the army 3 months. proper Pazam with the right to complain about the army and when people listen to you is after about one and a half years. and after this time you have the right to start saying Ad Matai (in hebrew means untill when) bassicly untill when must I serve untill when must I do something, in the army this is graffiti on everything. the commanders hate it, if you say this in basic training you will be kept back one weekend